The Anasazi/Scarlet Macaw Clan entered and founded Pueblo
Bonita in 829 C.E. in the central San Juan basin thriving there for
approximately 300 years. Through intermarriage with previously existing indigenous
groups they migrated to the Wupatki, Mesa Verde and northern San Juan
region. They remained here for approximately 200 years. At this point,
there was a mini Diaspora to Hopi and toward the northern Rio Grande region
on the Pajarito Plateau. The primary Scarlet Macaw Clan’s next migration
was to the Mogollon region where they remained for approximately 100 years.
In approximately 1375/1400 C.E. evidence provides that they went into Diaspora
to the Rio Grand and Paquimé regions. The first migration path was
from Chaco to the north and west and the second from Wupatki and the Mesa
Verde area toward the south and east. In each case the primary reason for
migration was caused by anemia and they moved to regions with a more bountiful
supply of wildlife that supplied the critical and necessary dietary iron. This
migration path is demonstrated dramatically by the construction of large, well
made masonry “great houses,” ceramic design, three-ring chronology and Scarlet
remains as the four primary markers. There are two distinct migrations each with
three individual phases. The first was the Scarlet Macaw Clan: Chaco-Wupatki-Mogollon.
The northern migration is detailed on the following page. Interestingly, the
last areas of settlement were near wildlife areas along the Mogollon Rim and
near Bison hunting
grounds adjacent to the Rio Grande on the Great Plains.